Aside from hyperpigmentation which are dark spots or patches found on the skin’s surface, acne is also one of the most prevalent skin conditions that African Americans experience. Melanin, a skin pigment found within the cells, is what influences human color. According to scientific studies, melanin is what protects the skin from the sun’s harmful rays. Basically, skin with more melanin such as dark skin is less likely to suffer from skin disorders such as skin cancer. Yet, dark skin is more challenging to treat when it comes to hyperpigmentation and acne.
Since dark skin has more melanin, it is more sensitive and vulnerable to acne products such as topical agents. African American skin is more prone to skin scaring which happens to be a result of hyperpigmentation after the lesions have healed. This would usually result to dark spots that remain on the skin for many months or year if left untreated.
Acne happens when the pores are clogged therefore proper facial cleansing is necessary to prevent acne eruption. When it comes to cleansing the face, use mild and non-abrasive products. This will work to remove excess oil and dead skin cells which usually clog the pores. You can use acne skin treatments specifically formulated for African American skin. Acne treatment products usually come in topical agents that you can directly apply on the acne or on the affected area. This will reduce the development of surface bacteria thus preventing new lesions from erupting. Most acne products African American are made of are from mild ingredients to prevent any unwanted skin reactions. After all, African American skin is very sensitive and harsh chemicals could result to further skin problems.
Hyperpigmentation or dark spots don’t only result from acne but also from cuts, scrapes, eczema, burns and other skin trauma. To prevent the development of hyperpigmentation, it is important that you do not prick, puncture or squeeze your pimple. Prevention is the best way to prevent any skin problems that would lead to hyperpigmentation or dark spots.
So if you think you are suffering from mild to severe acne problems then schedule a consultation with a dermatologist. Dermatologists usually prescribe topical agents such as retinoid. Retinoid contains Vitamin A which has the ability to speed up cell regeneration. However, retinoid causes unwanted side-effects such as skin irritation. There are a lot of acne products made specifically for sensitive African American skin but the best preventive means for acne formation is washing your face daily with plain water.